THE GROWTH OF EDUCATION SECTOR IN INDIA
India’s education system took a drastic upturn after its independence in 1947. The Indian government has been working relentesly since then towards the growth of the Indian Education Sector.On the occassion of India’s 77th year of Independence lets take a road down to these different education policies:
- 1.The Kothari Commission (1964-1966): This was one of the major policies implemented by the Central Government to find and evelove a smooth and general pattern in the education sector in India. It involved 20 education sector experts to input their thoughts and ideas for the further growth of education sector.
2. National Education Policy (1986): The Government of India reviewed the prevailing education system and the policy was segmented against the document “Challenge of Education: A Policy Perspective” . This policy had a long-lasting impact on the sector as it focussed on teacher’s education, early childhood care, adult literacy and women empowerment.
3. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act (2009): Passed by the Parliament on August 2009, it came into force in the year 2010. During this act Article 21A was added in which “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of 6 to 14 years in such manner as the State, may by law determine.”
4. The New Education Policy (2020): One of the most recent policy introduced by the Government is the New Education Policy in which instead of following the earlier 10+2+3 structure the education sector will need to follow the new structure of 5+3+3+4. This policy has even suggested that the mother tongue/regional language shall be taught to the students until class 5. With the implementation of this policy the government aims to make India a ‘global knowledge superpower’.